There is an art that you write, there is an art that you draw, and there is an art that you capture – and that is photography.

Photography, simply put, is the art of creating images through light. It is a helio-graphic process that has its origin in France. While understanding the history of photography is very important, that is not something that we will be discussing in this article. Here, our focus will be to teach you the steps to become a professional photographer. See what a professional photographer has to offer you.

Regardless of the area of photography that you want to specialise in, you need to know the basic elements involved. While we will be discussing these elements in detail, they include the right frames, light room, focal length to use, and the proper posture to take to capture the moment you see.

To become a pro photographer as a beginner, you must start by learning the basics of photography. What better place is there to start as a beginner than knowing important photography vocabularies?

Photography Vocabulary You Should Know

Imagine trying to learn the piano without understanding some of the basic terms like black, white, harmony, and degree. That's going to be difficult or even impossible for some, right? Before getting your camera or registering for that photography online lessons, you need to learn technical terms that will help you as a photographer, and some of them include:

Aperture – Aperture has to do with the size of the camera's opening lens. The larger the aperture of the camera, the more light that comes in. The smaller the aperture of the camera, the lesser the light that comes into the image. Aperture also plays a significant role in determining the image focus.

A photo shoot
To become a pro photographer, you must understand the different terms used by experts. Source: Unsplash

Aspect Ratio – The aspect ratio is the height to width measurement of an image. It could come in different dimensions depending on how you want the image to appear.

Burst Mode – When the burst mode of your camera settings is turned on, it can take multiple pictures for as long as the button is held down or until the buffer is full.

Depth of field – This refers to how much of the image being taken is in focus. When taking a picture, the camera is focused on a certain distance. The camera's depth of field is how much distance it can cover other than the direction it is being focused.

Shutter Speed – The shutter of a camera is that part that can be opened or closed to allow light in before taking a picture. The speed is how fast that part opens and latches, and it differs from one camera settings to another.

White balance – White balance is a photography feature that allows a photo to appear like it is in real life. That feature makes it possible for what is white in real life to appear white in an image. Every light room should have this feature.

While these are some of the basic photography vocabulary that you should know, the list is inexhaustible. Other basic terms include a viewfinder, time-lapse, noise, metering, manual, backlighting, trigger, and hyperfocal.

Essential Elements of Photography for Beginners

A photo is not just the image that exists in it alone, but every other thing that is in the frame. This, perhaps, is why people say to compose a photo is to fill the frame. Filling the frame when composing an image requires that you have some basic understanding of the essential elements of photography.

The first essential element to note in an online post processing course is photo framing. Photo framing is the process of making an image comprehensible. A comprehensible image is devoid of any unnecessary view, which can be a car or a house that should not be in the image.

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Another essential element of photography that you must learn when taking a course as a beginner is composition. Composition involves putting in place all the technical aspects that will aid photo framing. Composition and framing are important elements of photography, and that's what differentiates a well-taken picture from a poor one.

Managing the depth of field is another essential photography element that beginners must master when taking photography online lessons. This includes knowing how to adjust the aperture, which is the camera's lens and the shutter speed. It also involves the process of ensuring that every other thing is in place and that the image appears from your lens the way you want it to.

The final element a beginner in photography should know when taking an online course and during post processing is light. The context of every photo to be taken is what determines the exposure time of that image. Taking this element into consideration will help prevent a picture from appearing too light or too dark.

Now that you know the basic vocabulary and essential elements of photography, how do you put all of these to practice in taking portrait or landscape photos?

Tips for Taking the Best Portraits

Do you know that you can take the best portraits with the right photography tips even as a beginner? Yes, and some of the tips that can help you do that include:

  • Select a good background

If there is anything as important as the subject you are taking a portrait of, it is the background. A clear background is needed when taking a portrait as it helps to keep the attention on the person in the photo. A busy background or one with several elements will take the attention away from the subject and make post processing difficult. To take the best portraits, you have to ensure that the background is a neutral one.

  • Prepare the subject for the shoot
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Lighting is an important element of every image. Source: Unsplash

It doesn't matter how good a piece of camera equipment or how professional a photographer is; preparation is vital. If you want the portrait to come out very nice, you have to create time to prepare the shooting subject. When preparing the subject, keep it fun and straightforward to make post processing easy.

  • Make sure there is enough light

The best source of light for a portrait is natural daylight. However, where it is impossible to access this, make sure to provide excess light in the studio where the portrait is taken. The more lighted the room is, the clearer and more virtually appealing the picture will appear.

  • Blur the background

Using aperture mode, you can shoot with a shallow depth of field. This helps keep the subject of the portrait in view and makes it possible for you to blur the background. Doing this, attention is directed to the subject of the photo alone.

  • Choose a large opening

Taking a good portrait photo is not enough; you have to know how best to edit it. Choosing a large opening makes it easy for you to correct any spots on the skin and leave as much room as possible in front of the subject's eyes.

Tips for Taking the Perfect Landscape Photos

Like portrait photos, you do not have to be a professional photographer to take the best landscape photos. All you need is knowledge of a few helpful tips and the willingness to put these tips to practice. Here are some helpful photography tips for taking the perfect landscape photos.

  • Choose the right aperture

The perfect landscape photo is one that appears very sharp and clear, and to achieve this, you have to select the right aperture. The exposure settings used to take a landscape photo determines how clear or sharp the image or the subject in the image will appear. A mid-range aperture that is not too bright or too dark is the best way to get a sharp and clear image. When taking an outdoor landscape photo with several background elements, you need to adjust the aperture to achieve a more creative outcome.

  • Take the photos during the golden hour

In your photography online lessons, you must have come across the term “golden hour” from your tutors. This is the time after sunrise and before sunset that is characterized by diffused light from the sun. The golden hour is the best time to leverage the natural daylight as against light room to get an amazing landscape photo. When taking landscape photos during the golden hour, you have to position yourself well to get a closer view of the subject in question.

  • Pay attention to the weather

Different weathers come with different colors and contrasts that can either make or mar your photos. Depending on the type of landscape photo you want to take or the design that you want to achieve, paying attention to the weather and the colors that come with it is fundamental.

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Capturing priceless moments is fun when you are an expert at it. Source: Unsplash

Other helpful photography tips for taking the perfect landscape photos, asides from those discussed above include: knowing your camera settings, using the landscape auto scene, and researching the location beforehand. Discover more ways to become a pro photographer.

All the information that has been provided in this article and more is what you can access when you take photography online lessons on Superprof. With Superprof, you can access beginner photography lessons to help you move from being a beginner to a professional. You can also personalize your lessons by choosing the area you want to develop yourself in, the tutor you want to work with, and the time you will be available to take the beginner photography lessons.

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Marvis Osarhenrhen is a freelance SEO writer that is focused on helping businesses reach their target audience, get leads and drive revenue through optimised content.