The history of classical ballet is rich with creations and artists of all kinds. Still, in spite of our royal ballet, this art form is still not very popular with us Britons, with fewer of us now taking dance classes in this style. (But if you do want to learn, look for 'dance classes near me' now!)

It is not very popular with the French, either... which is rather strange, seeing as they are regarded as more culturally, classically inclined than most any other society.

Classical ballet is famous in many parts of the world because of its rich history, and the interest people have in it. However, it is surprising to note that this dance is not so common among people in Canada. There are just very few people who will show interest in learning ballet dance. If you are one of them, you can register for "dance classes near me" on Superprof now and get started on your journey to learning this unique dance.

The ballet not being popular among the English people seems understandable considering how liberal they sometimes appear. What is more baffling is that it is also not popular among the French-speaking natives in Canada. There are basically two classifications of the ballet, and that includes the Paris Opera Ballet and the English National Ballet.

If you are in Canada and wish to take dancing lessons to learn ballet, the chances are that you are more inclined to the English Language than you are to the French Language. This is why our focus in this article will be on the English national ballet and the different types that exist.

According to a survey conducted by France Bleu and Télé 7 on French musical habits and practices, classical music is the preferred genre of just 7% of the respondents, and only 15% report having been to the national ballet or Paris opera The last 12 months.

Never mind the Paris Opera Ballet; let us focus on English national ballet!

Why don't we look at inspiring ourselves by reviewing these acclaimed ballets?

Here are the most beautiful among the history of ballet to give you a hand in your choice.

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What is Ballet?

We all know what an opera is: soaring vocals that tell a story, with nary a ballerina and little to dance to, against a backdrop of crafted scenery.

Perhaps you have already bought yourself opera tickets, or have tuned in to the broadcast of such a musical spectacle on the telly.

But you still wonder: what is so different between opera and ballet?

The Internet proposes: ballet is a choreographic composition comprising several artistic fields: dance, music, decor, costume, makeup, etc.

If you have spent some time in Canada, you must have gotten a ticket for an opera where you listened to soaring vocals that tell a story, and you got to witness a little dance against a scene. The more you have this type of experience, the more you are likely to wonder if there is a difference between an opera and a ballet.

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Girls dancing
Ballets have evolved over the years into something that is worth studying in schools. Source: Unsplash`

While they share some similarities, they also differ in some ways. Ballet is a choreographic composition that involves dance, music, décor, and costume. As against popular beliefs, ballet goes beyond just the dance and includes everything that makes up the dance.

Ballet has its origin in the Italian setting as it was coined from an Italian word known as "Balletto," which means dance. This history goes as far back as the fifteenth century when ballet was initiated and has since grown into the classical dance it is today. While it was popular in France all through the sixteenth century, it took other countries in Europe two centuries later before it began to be appreciated.

Today, ballet is regarded as a fluid art that has continued to evolve over the years, with prominent figures playing a significant role in the style variations that we have today. With this brief history of ballet in mind, let us move to examine the most famous ballets in history.

The major divergence from opera is that ballet incorporates an entire choreography into the musical spectacle. Dance is the medium of expression, comparable to the lyrics and music of opera.

The word ballet comes from the Italian term Balletto which, itself is considered the diminutive of Ballo, meaning dance.

Initiated in Italy during the 15th century, ballet performances were considered royal entertainment. Professional dancers were admitted to court to entertain the king on demand.

In France, the ballet premiered in the 16th century. King Louis XIV, a dance enthusiast, founded the Royal Academy of Dance shortly afterward, which today is known as the Ballet of the National Opera of Paris.

It took a bit longer for our sovereigns to become enthused about the art form.

A poorly received performance in the late 18th Century kept ballet companies on the continent until 1920, when Edouard Espinosa co-founded what would become the Royal Academy of Dancing, that operates still today.

Let's return to French ballet now, where ballerinas earned much more esteem and danced a whole lot more.

Prominent authors of the comedy ballet, as it was called, were: Jean-Baptiste Lully, Molière, and Pierre Beauchamp. Each, in turn, was appointed to royal court as Master of Dance.

Molière's The Bourgeois Gentleman is a notable addition to the repertoire of that period.

Also during that epoch, Pierre Beauchamp established the codification of the five positions – the foundation of ballet technique; namely how the ballet dancer set their feet.

His notated dance scores, the first of such ever published, is known today as the Beauchamp-Feuillet notation; Feuillet being the publisher.

Through these and other academic advances, ballet continued to evolve. The 20th century saw the arrival of the Russian Ballet, with all of its style variations.

Still today, ballet is a fluid art.

Swan Lake

Date of Creation: 1877

Composer: Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Has the dance movie Black Swan seduced you with its grace and power?

Then there is no doubt that the swan mentioned in that dance documentary will also seduce you.

Swan Lake is internationally known as one of the best ballets, and for just cause: it is reputed to be the most beautiful gala in the world. A must-see in social circles; a must-dance in the world of classical performance.

Swan Lake was created in 1877 by a composer known as Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Hearing this, you might be wondering that this sounds familiar. Yes, it does, and that probably because you have watched the dance movie, Black Swan.

Swan Lake is one of the most famous ballets in history that is popular across several countries, including those not amused by ballet. It is the common ballet amidst the rich's social circle and rated to be the most beautiful gala in the world. Swan Lake is a dance that tells the story of a German Legend who falls in love with a woman who turns into a swan every day.

Tchaikovsky's moving score tells the story of a German legend, interpreted through dance.

A prince, obliged to choose a wife, falls madly in love with a young woman who, unfortunately, is the victim of a curse: she turns into a swan each day, and becomes a woman only at night.

This masterpiece has been presented all over the world. At any given time, you could catch a performance of Swan Lake, ideal for ballet enthusiasts and initiates to the world of ballet alike.

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Every dancer in the ballet body dreams of dancing the role of Odette!
The role of Odette is coveted by every prima ballerina! Source: Pixabay Credit: Nikidinov

The Rite of Spring

Date of Creation: 1913

Composer: Igor Stravinsky

At the beginning of the 20th century, the classical scheme of ballet changed somewhat with the arrival of the Russian Ballet, or Ballet Russe, founded by Serge de Diaghilev.

The choreography evolved, and so did the musical genre.

The Rite of Spring was written in 1913 by Igor Stravinsky and is one of the most popular Russian origin ballets. Igor Stravinsky was inspired by the many developments he witnessed with the Russian ballet that was founded by Serge de Diaghilev and decided to improve on it. He then created this ballet that will later provoke a scandal in Paris due to how much it reflected the social highs and lows of Paris at that time.

The Rite of Spring is a story of a pagan Russian ritual that was of no social importance. Over the years, this ballet has been modified to retain its foundation but reflect modern-day society's realities.

Stravinsky's Rite of Spring was part of this novel artistic wave from Russia, which provoked a scandal in Paris because the dynamism of the work reflected the social spirit of that time.

Stravinsky's opus, choreographed by Nijinsky and staged by Sergei Diaghilev, tells the story of a pagan Russian ritual, without any particular panache.

At its first performance, the spectators were treated to a representation of such festivities, till then rare in France.

Since then, the ballet has been designed and redesigned by many famous choreographers, including Maurice Béjart, Pina Bausch, and Martha Graham.

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The Magic Flute

Date of Creation: 1791

Composer: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Composed and played for the first time in 1791, The Enchanted Flute is an opera first, and a magnificent ballet second.

Mozart composed this opus just months before his untimely death.

The Magic Flute was composed in 1791 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and it combines the excellence of both an opera and a ballet. Two significant events contributed to the popularity of this ballet, and that is because it combined two of the most popular forms of art at that time, and then it didn't take months after it was composed that Mozart dies.

The Magic Flute is a story of a young man whose mother asked him to rescue a young woman. However, it was not a walk in the park for him because he needed to join the lady in her realm if he was going to have any chance of rescuing her. Though initially written as an opera, this artwork was choreographed in the early 2000s and has become one of the most famous ballets in history.

The work tells the story of a man who went to rescue a young woman at the request of her mother.

Instead, he realises the fallacy of his current life and decides to undergo trials so that he might join the young lady in her realm.

After a trial of silence, in which they are not permitted to speak, the maiden proffers a magic flute to protect our hero, as well as herself, through the remaining ordeals. They then embark on a life together.

The Magic Flute, originally an opera, was choreographed in the early 2000s by Maurice Béjart, founder of the dance company Béjart Ballet in Lausanne.

Since then, his ballet company has become a point of reference for the artistic environment. Among other accomplishments, it democratized ballet, making it accessible to a wider audience.

The Magic Flute illustrates a case in point... or should we say en pointe? The expression and movements, of the bodies and the music, is beautiful in its simplicity.

This is a ballet not to be missed!

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The Nutcracker

Date of creation: 1892

Composed by: Pyotr Tchaikovsky

Tchaikovsky, already reputed as the Grand Master of Ballet, authored yet again one of the most beautiful ballets in the history of dance.

On rousing tunes like Spring Airs, this composer draws us again into his universe.

The Nutcracker was created in 1892 by Pyotr Tchaikovsky, a man reputed to be the Grand Master of Ballet. The Nutcracker is not just popular because of how relatable the storyline is, but also because of the man who composed it. Pyotr is well-known for his ability to tell a story that makes many see things from his point of view, and that was precisely what he did with this ballet.

The Nutcracker is a story of how a toy became an animation, and then a prince at night. The fun, the attention to detail, and the combination of pleasure and interest have made it one of the most popular ballets, especially during the Christmas season. This ballet gained widespread recognition that Pyotr himself had to say that he didn't expect the Nutcracker to be as successful as it eventually turned out to be.

An early forerunner of the modern Toy Story, the ballet tells the tale of a toy becoming animated and turning into a prince at night.

As such nutcrackers are overwhelmingly popular around Christmas time, the story might give you something to dream about during long winter nights!

I didn't believe in the success of this ballet myself. - Tchaikovsky

Originally choreographed by Marius Petipa, almost instantly it became a worldwide sensation after its premier in St. Petersburg. Today, The Nutcracker is considered a holiday classic.

American ballet earns fully 40% of their annual ticket sales from this show alone!

Interpreted by several choreographers already - including George Blanchine, The Nutcracker effortlessly takes us away, with its romantic ballet and magical scenery, set in an atmosphere that enchants young and old alike.

Would you take a few minutes to enjoy a few quotes about dance?

The Nutcracker premiered at the Mariinsky Theatre
Did you know that Nureyev was once artistic director for this most famous ballet? Source: Pixabay Credit: Herman

Sleeping Beauty

Date of Creation: 1890

Composer: Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Who can say they know nothing of Sleeping Beauty?

This popular tale by Charles Perrault was notably taken over by Disney Studios to become one of the greatest commercial successes for that renown master of cartoons.

However, Tchaikovsky took possession of this story long before it appeared on our screens, which is how mainstream audiences became familiar with the disgruntled fairy who cursed the beautiful Aurora to sleeping for 100 years.

Globally, there are very few people who can say they have not heard about sleeping beauty because it appears like we all have heard a thing or two about it.

Sleeping Beauty is a tale that was initially written by Charles Perrault and later adapted into a ballet by Tchaikovsky. Sleeping Beauty is a story about a disgruntled fairy that caused another to sleep for a period of about a hundred years. The dancers gave more life to this storyline and are responsible for the widespread popularity that it enjoys today.

The characters and the themes the story represents came to life through the dancers and musicians of the time.

Did you know that Anna Pavlova was known to dance the role of Candide?

Exquisite sets plunged the spectators into the royal court, and each dancer captivated as well.

Sleeping Beauty presents a romantic world not to be missed!

Don Quixote

Date of Creation: 1869

Composer: Leon Minkus

Presented for the first time by the Bolshoi Ballet in 1869, Don Quixote comes straight from the novel written by Miguel de Cervantes.

The ballet recreates the wistful longing for fairness the Knight Errant Quixote attempts to create in all of his dealings.

Don Quixote was created in 1869 by Leon Minkus and was presented for the first time in that same year. The ballet talks about the Knight Errant Quixote and how much fairness he tries to create in all his dealing and the impact this had on him.

Since this ballet was written in 1869, there have been different versions adopted by many other artistes globally. The inclusion of the best dancers of that time is why this ballet is regarded as one of the most popular in history.

A new version was directed by Alexei Fadeyechev, of the Bolshoi Theatre, in 1999. This spectacle combed the world, parking itself for some time in Paris, in 2011.

It is thanks to that long-running show that several of the best dancers were named principal dancers, such as Marie-Claude Pietragalla, Aurélie Dupont, and Laetitia Pujol.

Carmen

Date of Creation: 1949

Composer: Georges Bizet

Carmen has all of the necessary ingredients to be labeled one of the greatest ballets in the history of dance: fiery music, vivid colours, dynamic staging and unrequited love, all interpreted through different styles of dance, not just ballet.

Initially not well-received upon its debut in either of Paris' grand performance halls, as a ballet, it found a new audience in London!

Directed by Roland Petit and danced by his company, Les Ballets de Paris, at Prince's Theatre in London on February 21, 1949, the ballet Carmen exceeded any presentation imagined by Georges Bizet.

He was not the first to tackle visual presentation of the story written by Mérimée which traces the adventures between Carmen and Don José; an exciting love story in a Spanish setting in the city of Seville, but he is the most renowned.

This ballet challenged traditional classical ballets by Tchaikovsky and transported audiences to another realm of dance culture.

Would you rather see Shakespeare or repertory ballet?
Can you bear the dramatic tale of tragic love that is Romeo and Juliet? Source: Pixabay Credit: Niko Shogoi

Romeo and Juliet

Date of Creation: 1935

Composer: Sergei Prokofiev

Although this ballet had difficulty gaining any following or garnering any praise because of its melodic and rhythmic complexity, it is now considered one of Prokofiev's greatest works.

Any list of the most famous ballets in the world that doesn't include the very popular, commonly adapted, and super interesting Romeo and Juliet is an incomplete one. Romeo and Juliet were created in 1935 by Sergie Prokofiev, and, unlike other types of ballets that have been discussed, it struggled to gain widespread fame.

Many have written that this ballet's melodic and rhythmic complexity served as a significant hindrance to its popularity. However, after much adaptation across several regions, it finally got a glimpse of the spotlight and is being rated as one of Prokofiev's most significant works. While many people then saw it as a complex work, some decided to study it in detail. It was then discovered that the features that made it a complex work are the ones that also make it very unique.

Girls dancing
Many historians see ballets as a window that leads to the past. Source: Unsplash

This work is a staple of the Paris Opera and is now widely appreciated for the very intricacy that makes it a complex work.

Prokofiev's melody and rhythm are peculiar: less theatrical and more faithful to the ambiance created by Shakespeare in his literary work.

Can you stand to be captivated once again by the tragic story between the lovers of Verona?

Lady of the Camellias

Date of Creation: 1978

Composer: Frederick Chopin

The story we are most familiar with as Camille, The Lady of the Camellias originated as a novel by the son of Alexandre Dumas, published in 1848.

Lady of the Camellias was created in 1978 by Frederick Chopin. This ballet was adapted from the famous story – Camille that was first published in 1848. When the author published this novel, he was recorded to have said that even though the work came at the age where inventing stories wasn’t yet the norm, he was content with the final piece.

Not only did the lady of the Camellias grow in popularity in the years that followed, but the work also inspired many others. It is being performed and interpreted in many countries of the world. In Canada, there is a time every year set aside for this fantastic performance, and it is an experience you would not want to miss.

The tale was inspired by the author's love for courtesan Marie Duplessis, who suffered from tuberculosis.

He said of his work: Not yet at the age of inventing stories, I am content to tell them.

His work inspired many others; Verdi's opera La Traviata among them.

As for the ballet interpretation of his love story, it is performed regularly throughout the world. You may even want to mark your calendar for the 2018 season in Paris, so you won't miss it!

It is a dark tale, but touching nonetheless.

No doubt, you must have been inspired by this long list of the most famous ballets in history. The attention to detail, ability to create and adapt and the changes that have occurred over the years are why these ballets have remained famous worldwide. If at this point, you are already off your feet and building up interest in learning the ballet, you are in the right place.

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Marvis

Marvis Osarhenrhen is a freelance SEO writer that is focused on helping businesses reach their target audience, get leads and drive revenue through optimised content.