"Our world is built on biology and once we begin to understand it, it then becomes a technology." -Ryan Bethencourt
Biology is an essential part of the scientific world that has many different aspects. Studying a genre of biology can be an enriching experience since there is the possibility of uncovering new findings that will benefit humanity.
Therefore, without further ado, Superprof will now discuss the basics of four types of biology: forensic biology, wildlife biology, microbiology, and biological engineering.
But first of all, what is a microbiologist?
Learning More About Forensic Biologists
Famous television shows such as Bones, CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, Castle, Law & Order, and Dexter all regularly portray distinct aspects of forensic biology to ensure criminal justice.
Forensic biology can be described as the application of biology to solve criminal and civil crimes. There are various subdisciplines of forensic biology, and some of them include the following:
- DNA Analysis: the analysis of DNA has many biological applications such as paternity testing, identification of unknown human remains, and connecting suspects or victims to evidence, another crime scene, or another person.
- Forensic Anthropology: the expertise of anthropologists is at times needed to determine the race, sex, age, and possible ailments of the deceased; an anthropologist determines this by looking for clues on the skeletal structure.
- Forensic Odontology: dentists may be invited to work in a crime lab to aid in the identification of degraded remains. Odontologists analyse recovered remains and compared them with official medical records.
- Forensic Entomology: a forensic pathologist is a certified medical examiner who is best known for conducting autopsies which is at times essential for determining the cause of death.
- Forensic Toxicology: concepts of chemistry and biochemistry are practised to trace evidence and determine if the cause of death was through poisoning or drug use.
Studying forensic biology and specialising in any of the previously mentioned subdisciplines is a brilliant idea since forensic biologists have a variety of work opportunities, develop useful skills, and enjoy an exciting career.
However, where does one study forensic biology in the United Kingdom?
Well, since the UK has a vast population with a majority of citizens possessing a keen interest in their education, many further education centres are offering a wide variety of academic programmes and forensic biology is one of them. The following are two highly recommended schools where forensic biology can be reviewed:
- Staffordshire University: the BSc (Hons) in forensic biology that is offered at Staffordshire University has a total duration of three years and boasts 100% employability, innovative facilities, and accreditation from the Royal Society of Biology. Check out Staffordshire's website to acquire essential information and determine if their programme is the right fit for you,
- Bournemouth University: the BSc degree in forensic biology that is offered by Bournemouth University costs £9,250 per year, is located on the Talbot campus, and is recognised by the Chartered Society of Forensic Sciences. Studying this programme at Bournemouth University equips undergraduate students with all the right skills to solve a crime correctly. Check out their website to learn more.
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After successfully receiving their degree, forensic biologists may find work as a detective, a biomedical scientist, a toxicologist, a crime scene investigator, a university teacher, a paralegal, a police officer, or a solicitor.
A Brief Description of Wildlife Biologists
Famous wildlife biologists such as Jane Goodall, Steve Irwin, and Jeff Corwin have dedicated their lives to the study of animals, their habitats, and the interaction they have with other species.
Wildlife biologists enjoy an excellent career and in most cases, their independent research is conducted in nature, far away from the office!
Some of the work tasks completed by a wildlife biologist include the following:
- Collecting biological data and specimens for analysis,
- Managing wildlife populations and invasive plants and animals,
- Writing research papers and reports to explain their findings,
- Giving presentations to the general public and coworkers,
- Developing plans about wildlife management and conservation.
Wildlife biologists use the most updated technology to conduct their research in the great outdoors in sometimes very harsh climates. To complete necessary tasks outdoor skills, patience, stamina, communication skills, critical-thinking skills, observation skills, and interpersonal skills are all recommended.
A career as a wildlife biologist is highly recommended for an individual who loves all living things in the aquatic world and on earth.
Some benefits of choosing a career in wildlife biology include the opportunities to travel the world and have close interaction with mesmerising animals.
If a career as a wildlife biologist intrigues you, the following are some of the best places to study wildlife biology:
- Manchester Metropolitan University: the BSc (Hons) course in Wildlife Biology has a duration of three years and helps students develop the necessary knowledge to accomplish their future career fully. If undergrads decide to take the four-year programme, they have the prospects of studying a research project abroad in other parts of Europe, North America or Australasia; check out their website to learn more,
- University of South Wales: the full-time, three-year wildlife biology course offered in South Wales is a beautiful option for students to gain a wide variety of topics such as biological research skills, principles of ecology, vertebrate zoology, and marine and freshwater biology. Take a look at their website to learn more information and see where past students are now working with their degree in wildlife biology.
The best jobs available to wildlife biologists include the work of a zoologist, a game warden, a college professor, or a biological technician.
Understanding the Work of a Microbiologist
Microbiology is a necessary biological science discipline that includes the study of all living organisms that are too small to be seen by the naked eye. The microorganisms may consist of bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, and algae.
Individuals pursuing a career as a microbiologist have a passion for the scientific world and some of their work tasks include the following:
- Planning and carrying out clinical trials,
- Writing research papers, and conducting seminars to instruct the general public and coworkers about their discoveries,
- Managing laboratories,
- Observing high health and safety standards in the community.
Microbiologists may find employment in public or private organisations, hospitals, and food & drink manufacturers.
The work of a microbiologist is significant since future discoveries in microbiology may create life-saving drugs and find solutions to maintaining food, water, and energy on our ailing planet.
Some of the main reasons interested persons want to pursue a career in microbiology include the opportunity of conducting meaningful research that may save lives, and acquiring a better understanding of our planet.
The United Kingdom meets the needs of budding microbiologists by offering many further education courses in microbiology. While there are many intriguing options, the following is a highly recommended additional education centre that provides a brilliant programme in microbiology:
- Imperial College London: one of the most renowned universities in the UK offers a BSc (Hons) in microbiology that encourages students to focus on all types of microorganisms to grasp the theoretical and practical skills needed to have a successful career in microbiology. Throughout their three years of academic study, undergraduate students review essential concepts such as cell biology and genetics, applied molecular biology, bacterial physiology, medical microbiology, and epidemiology. Check out Imperial College London's informative website to learn more valuable information about this course.
Microbiologists are highly sought after for the academic knowledge and skills honed during further education; they may accept the following jobs:
- Biomedical scientist,
- Water quality scientist,
- Environmental engineer,
- Marine biologist,
- Physician associate,
- Science writer.
The Basic Concepts of Biological Engineering
Biological engineering or bioengineering is a scientific discipline frequently used today that has changed many aspects of modern society. Bioengineering can be understood as the utilisation of biological systems such as animals, microbes, and plants to create usable and economically viable products.
Bioengineering is an interdisciplinary subject that combines notable aspects of biology and engineering to create biological systems and biomedical devices that improve people's lives.
Bioengineers may be known in other sectors as biomedical engineers, scientists, clinical engineers, or design engineers and they complete the following tasks from day to day:
- Use computer software to design, develop, and test new materials, devices and equipment,
- Conduct research to solve clinical issues,
- Write reports and conduct presentations about their research and discoveries,
- Arrange clinical trials of new medical products and medical devices.
Biological engineering to develop biotechnology may take place in an office, a laboratory, a workshop, or a clinic.
Bioengineers must have a passion for biology and engineering and develop certain skills to be successful such as communication skills, problem-solving skills, attention to detail, and creativity.
Many individuals are encouraged to study biological engineering for reasons such as ensured employment, and the possibility of making a difference in other people's lives.
Since the UK is a densely populated country with many intellectually inclined citizens, there are many further education centres available to learn more about biological engineering; the following is Superprof's most highly recommended option:
- University of Sheffield: located some miles east of the city of Manchester, the University of Sheffield offers brilliant programmes in bioengineering for undergraduate and postgraduate students. Accredited by various institutes, bioengineering classes equip students with all the necessary knowledge and skills to become highly successful in their future career. Visit their interactive website to learn more about the courses offered, the testimonials from current students, and the world-class research that is conducted.
Recent graduates of bioengineering may accept jobs in the biological science sector as a researcher or other professions such as education, business, and design.
For more information, check out our article describing the basic concepts of forensic biology.
Studying a type of biology is a wonderful way to learn more about science and technology. Also, skills are honed to ensure a prosperous career in any professional sector.
For what are you waiting? Study biology today!