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How to Build a Computer

By Vanessa, published on 07/06/2019 We Love Prof > Academia > Information Technology > Learning How to Adequately Build a Computer

“Never trust a computer you can’t throw out the window.” -Steve Wozniak

Since we are living in the digital age, computing technologies have rapidly advanced; too fast to handle! It seems that every couple of months, new advancements in technology are released.

With hi-tech computers surrounding us everywhere, it is inexcusable not to learn more about electronic components and even the least technologically savvy person possesses a basic understanding. 

Some individuals are even building their computers. For what reasons? Having a PC with a flexible design format, better power supplies, quality retail hardware, and versatile upgrades are only a few of the reasons to build a computer.

Without further ado, Superprof has the goal of providing all readers with a thorough comprehension as to how to build a computer; enjoy!

What is Needed to Build a Computer

the best parts Essential computer parts such as a motherboard are necessary when building a PC. (Source: Unsplash)

Instead of directly buying a regular PC or MacBook at an electronics retailer in the UK, many adventurous and daring individuals are considering the possibility of building their personalized computer.

How is this done? Doesn’t that sound like a lot of work? 

While many may not understand those who don’t just buy a highly recommended computer from HP, Dell, Acer, Asus, or Apple, building your PC has become increasingly popular in recent years and has been compared as the most socially acceptable form of playing Lego; sounds fun, right?

Nevertheless, before following a step-by-step process to assemble your new computer, certain indispensable materials need to be bought ahead of time.

Like what?

The following are essential items needed to fabricate a new computer:

  • Assembly Tools: a single Philips screwdriver is all that you need to assemble all the necessary parts of the machine correctly; however, it is important to state that needle nose pliers or a simple pair of tweezers may be very useful to place and take out screws from tight places.
  • A Processor: also known as the Central Processing Unit (CPU), a processor is known by many as the “brain” of the computer. It is necessary for content creation, and there are three essential things that every builder must know about the processor: its clock speed, cores, and threads.
  • Motherboard: a compatible motherboard (MOBO) needs to be selected after choosing the processor. Builders must decide if they want an overclocking motherboard or not and the corresponding case size: ATX, MATX, or ITX.
  • Graphics Card: the Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) will be the component that impacts your overall gaming performance. Details such as clock speed and VRAM need to be carefully thought about when deciding upon the best one.
  • Memory or RAM: random access memories (RAM) is an essential component of creating your computer since it is directly related to your CPU. What matters most with RAM is the quantity. For example, there are 4GB, 8GB, 16GB, and 32GB RAM capacities. The size ultimately depends on what you wish to do with the computer if you’re a gamer, the bigger, the better!
  • Storage: computer builders have the choice between an SSD, Solid State Drive, or an HDD, hard disk drive. An SSD is highly recommended for those who want quality, and an HDD is better for those who care more about quantity; the choice is yours!
  • Power Supply Unit: the PSU is quite simple to find and understand; however, some rules may apply, such as buying from a reputable source, checking the overall wattage, and the efficiency.
  • Case: the carcass of your computer needs to match the size of your motherboard, which is one of the most straightforward steps.

The previously mentioned parts are necessary for the main build; nevertheless, other items need to be purchased, such as an operating system (OS), mouse & keyboard, gaming monitor, and fans.

It is essential to state that the required parts we have previously talked about more for a gaming computer. However, practically the same rules apply for creating a multi-purpose machine for other tasks.

But how do I assemble all these parts to make a computer? No need to fret that’ll be discussed in the following subheading.

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How to Assemble a Computer

the best computers Some may enjoy the convenience of heading to the nearest Apple store to buy a computer while others want to build their own. (Source: Unsplash)

Since we are living in the digital age, there are many step-by-step video tutorials and blog posts dedicated to helping individuals build their personal computers.

After buying all the necessary components and grounding yourself with an antistatic wrist-strap cable to prevent electrostatic discharge, the following are chronological steps to follow to build your first computer successfully:

  • Open Case: unscrew the side panel and with your Philips screwdriver to do so.
  • Install Power Supply: the power supply must be well-installed in the correct orientation, and nothing must be blocking the power supply’s fan. It is essential to state that the power supply usually goes near the top or bottom rear of the case.
  • Add Necessary Components to Motherboard: since the case can limit wire components, attaching the processor, the RAM, and the power supply to the connectors of the motherboard.
  • Attach Heat Sink: the heat sink needs to be connected to the processor, and the instructions may much depend on the computer parts bought.
  • Prepare Case: the plates may need to be knocked out to fit components in the correct position. Some cases may require builders to install and wire the case’s fan before anything else can be done.
  • Secure Motherboard: once all the standoffs and components have been installed, place the motherboard in the case and use the screws to secure the motherboard in its place against the backplate.
  • Plug Case Connectors: usually located on the motherboard near the front of the case, it is imperative to connect the USB ports, the Power and Reset switches, the LED power, the hard drive lights, and the audio cable. Remember not to force anything together, if it’s not working it’s not meant to be!
  • Install Hard Drive: the case usually has a slot to fit the hard drive, tighten any screws that are needed to hold the hard drive into place. Plug the hard drive’s SATA cable into the SATA slot of the motherboard.
  • Connect Power Supply: the computer parts that need a connection to power should be connected to the motherboard, the graphics card, and the hard drive; don’t forget or your computer won’t work!
  • Tidy Up Last Details: after all the computer’s main arteries have been put into place, the final details must be verified to make sure that no wires are interfering with anything urgent and then the case must be closed.

The step-by-step directions mentioned above to assemble a computer are very basic and general; there may be additional steps required if the builder has bought other accessories such as cooling systems.

The most important thing to do is to follow the instructions that come with the case and essential computer parts. Also, for additional information, consider the expertise of reputable online resources to ensure that your personalized computer is a success!

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How Much Does it Cost to Fabricate a Computer

saving money Don’t break the piggy bank! It is essential to have a budget when shopping for parts to build a computer. (Source: Unsplash)

Before knowing what parts to buy and assembling your new computer, it is essential to state that a budget needs to be established and prices need to be analyzed to find the best deals available on the market.

Visiting sites such as Amazon, New Egg, and TigerDirect give computer building newbies an idea of how much the PC of their dreams will cost them. Even if you don’t plan on purchasing the necessary components such as a CPU, a motherboard, a graphics card, memory such as RAM, storage, power supply unit, and a case, add all the desired parts to the shopping cart to see how much the total cost would be.

On average, the starting price for a low-end and very basic gaming computer should be around $300 or £235; this is a very entry-level computer without all the bells and whistles one would want. 

Nevertheless, it is essential to state that more than $3000 or £2,370 can be spent on building a PC; that’s a massive chunk of change. The prices greatly vary on what components are added and for what purpose the computer will serve.

Is it for gaming? Is it for personal use? 

It is of the utmost importance to shop around for a while before impulsively buying; by doing this, high-end parts may be found and bought for much less. Also, never rule out used parts since some people build a computer for gaming, invest a lot of money, but then after a few months of usage decide to sell the entire PC or its parts.

Establishing a budget before going out to buy computer parts is of the utmost importance to not get enticed by newer technologies and completely blow last month’s salary.

In conclusion, building a computer is a fantastic experience thoroughly enjoyed by many technology lovers. After careful research about the necessary components, steps to follow, and the overall price, you’re on your way to building the PC of your dreams! 

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